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Bariatric Surgery 101

Bariatric Surgery Information

Bariatric surgery is not a one-size-fits-all solution. This is why it is so important to gather information and learn more about the various surgical procedures available before making a decision. For some people, bariatric surgery helps by restricting food intake or interrupting digestive processes. But keep in mind that weight-loss surgery is a serious undertaking. You should clearly understand the advantages and disadvantages associated with the procedures before making a decision. Attend a local seminar by our surgeons to find out more.
Bariatric surgery involves making changes to the stomach and/or small intestine. There are two types of surgical procedures used to promote weight loss:

Restrictive Surgery

During these procedures the stomach is made smaller. A section of your stomach is removed or closed which limits the amount of food it can hold and causes you to feel full. Laparoscopic gastric banding surgery (e.g. LAP Band ® or Realize Band ®) is the most common restrictive surgery method. This is where a band divides your stomach and causes it to become smaller. Gastric banding can either be adjustable or non-adjustable. The other common form of restrictive surgery is a sleeve gastrectomy or gastric sleeve surgery. This is where a skinny tube and staples are applied to create a new longer skinny stomach.
The primary restrictive methods of weight loss surgery are:
  • Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
  • Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAP-BAND ® and REALIZE Band ®)
  • Gastric Sleeve


Malabsorptive Surgery

Most of digestion and absorption takes place in the small intestine. Surgery to this area shortens the length of the small intestine and/or changes where it connects to the stomach, limiting the amount of food that is completely digested or absorbed (causing malabsorption). These surgeries are now performed along with restrictive surgery. There are several variations of malabsorptive surgery, such as Roux-en-Y, Biliopancreatic Diversion, Fobi Pouch and Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is the most commonly performed bariatric procedure. It works by combining both restrictive and malabsorptive elements. 
The primary malabsorptive methods of weight loss surgery are:
  • Biliopancreatic Diversion
  • Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
  • Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
Through food intake restriction, malabsorption, or a combination of both, you can lose weight since less food either goes into your stomach or stays in your small intestine long enough to be digested and absorbed.

Looking for Answers?

Consider attending one of our free, weight-loss surgery seminars led by our nationally recognized bariatric surgeons.